Why Favini has chosen to intervene in MadagascarEnvironmental problems in Madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world, situated in the Indian Ocean off the south-eastern coast of Africa, are evident. The country’s rainforest has been almost entirely destroyed due to several factors: intensive agriculture (particularly used the growing of coffee, which is increasing and is a significant source of income); the local custom of using charcoal derived from the wood of cut-down trees; and cattle farming, which has increased significantly since its introduction into the country 1000 years ago.
What is the Voiala projectVoiala is a long-term project that began in 2005, operating in the environmental, economic and social areas. On the one hand it involves the reforestation of a part of the forest that has been lost in Madagascar. Whilst on the other, education and awareness-building directed at the villagers in Sahavondronina. These villagers are mainly corn and peanut farmers, and the project aim is to improve their agricultural understanding and practices. This location was specifically chosen because the hills near the village had seen heavy deforestation and because prior to the intervention promoted by Favini, the fields surrounding the village were effectively sterile.
The new forest advancementsAccording to the reforestation plan, villagers will be engaged in clearing the ground from invasive grasses, also in soil fertilisation using manure and in the physical planting of local species that are to be reintroduced.
The species plantedDALBERGIA BARONII (Family: Fabaceaes) Hard and heavy wood, dark brown, resistant to termites and fungi. Used to make furniture and for turning.. PHYLLARTHRON ARTICULATUM (Family: Bignoniaceae) A tree that grows up to 20-25 metres in height and produces yellow fruits. Once dried they turn brown and have the consistency and flavour of dried bananas. CANARIUM MADAGASCARIENSIS (Family: Burséracéeses) Grows up to 40-50 metres in height. It has an important role in enriching degraded soil. Its wood is used in the construction of pirogues (canoe boats) and its seeds are edible, whilst the bark’s resin has a distinctive scent. ACACIA MANGIUM It can reach heights of up to 30 metres and thanks to its rapid growth and capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen it is well adapted to growing in bare and nitrogen-poor soil. ALBIZIA GUMMIFERA A wood is of medium density, very resistant and it does not change shape. Easily worked but is not resistant to termites or water. It is useful as a generic wood and is used to build hives, troughs and boats. MORINGA OLIFERA (Family: Moringaceae) A fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 10–12 m. COFFEA ROBUSTA (Family: Rubiaceae) A plant that is less susceptible to pests and disease, as well as thermal shocks. PODOCARPUS MADAGASCARIENSIS An evergreen tree that usually grows about 4 - 13 metres tall. The timber is widely utilized locally.
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