Why Favini has chosen to intervene in MadagascarEnvironmental problems in Madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world, situated in the Indian Ocean off the south-eastern coast of Africa, are evident.
The country’s rainforest has been almost entirely destroyed due to several factors: intensive agriculture (particularly used the growing of coffee, which is increasing and is a significant source of income); the local custom of using charcoal derived from the wood of cut-down trees; and cattle farming, which has increased significantly since its introduction into the country 1000 years ago.
Furthermore, the country’s population (over 22.5 million people) is constantly growing (at a rate of 2.9%), whilst pro capita income is among the lowest in the world: 90% of the population lives with less than 2 dollars a day.
Although the local government has signed many international agreements for the safeguarding of the environment, the enforcement of these agreements is often very difficult. For all these reasons Favini has decided to intervene in Madagascar, in the attempt to restore part of the forest that has been lost.
What is the Voiala projectVoiala is a long-term project that began in 2009, operating in the environmental, economic and social areas. On the one hand it involves the reforestation of a part of the forest that has been lost in Madagascar. Whilst on the other, education and awareness-building directed at the villagers in Sahavondronina. These villagers are mainly corn and peanut farmers, and the project aim is to improve their agricultural understanding and practices.
This location was specifically chosen because the hills near the village had seen heavy deforestation and because prior to the intervention promoted by Favini, the fields surrounding the village were effectively sterile.
The project aims to safeguard the 2,000 hectares of surviving intact virgin forest adjacent to the village and incentivise forms of ecotourism in the area. This year new impetus has been given to the project by the assurance of funds that are ear-marked to support local communities for the next four years, 2017-2020.
The new forest advancementsAccording to the reforestation plan, villagers will be engaged in clearing the ground from invasive grasses, also in soil fertilisation using manure and in the physical planting of local species that are to be reintroduced.
Le specie piantumateDALBERGIA BARONII
Hard and heavy wood, dark brown, resistant to termites and fungi. Used to make furniture and for turning..
A tree that grows up to 20-25 metres in height and produces yellow fruits. Once dried they turn brown and have the consistency and flavour of dried bananas.
Grows up to 40-50 metres in height. It has an important role in enriching degraded soil. Its wood is used in the construction of pirogues (canoe boats) and its seeds are edible, whilst the bark’s resin has a distinctive scent.
It can reach heights of up to 30 metres and thanks to its rapid growth and capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen it is well adapted to growing in bare and nitrogen-poor soil.
A wood is of medium density, very resistant and it does not change shape. Easily worked but is not resistant to termites or water. It is useful as a generic wood and is used to build hives, troughs and boats.
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